The Pupil Premium was introduced in April 2011.
It was allocated to children from low-income families who, were known to be eligible for free school meals in both mainstream and non-mainstream settings, and children who had been looked after continuously for more than six months. The Pupil Premium is additional funding in England to raise the attainment of disadvantaged pupils and close the gap between them and their peers. The DFE use eligibility for free school meals as the main measure of deprivation at pupil level.
The level of the Pupil Premium set for 2011/12 was £488 per pupil for pupils eligible for free school meals and for pupils in care who had been continuously looked after for six months. It increased to £600 per pupil for 2012/13 and was extended to pupils who have been eligible for free school meals at any point in the last six years. In the 2013/14 financial year schools received £953 for each eligible pupil in primary school. In 2014/15 financial year it is predicated that it will be increased to £1,300 per pupil. Schools will also receive £1,900 for each looked after pupil who has been looked after for one day or more or was adopted from care on or or after 30 December 2005, or left under care under a special guardianship order or a residence order.
The DFE hold headteachers and governing bodies accountable for the impact of pupil premium funding. They are required to publish details online each year of how they are using the pupil premium and the impact it is having on pupil achievement. It also is an important part of an Ofsted inspection.